The Biblical Flat Earth: The Dome Of The Earth



One of the most intriguing texts in Scripture is found in the creation account in Genesis 1:6: “And God said, ‘Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters’” (ESV). The Hebrew word for “expanse” is “raqiya.” It literally means a firmament or a visible arch in the sky. The NIV translates the word there as “vault.” Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary adds “firmament—an expanse—a beating out as a plate of metal.”


We have more references for this. In Job 37:18 it reads, “Can you, like him, spread out the skies, hard as a cast metal mirror?” The Hebrew word for “spread out” is from the Hebrew word “raqa.” Does that look familiar? “Raqa” is the Hebrew root for “raqiya” that was used in Genesis. It literally means to “pound the earth, by analogy to expand (by hammering), by implication it means to overlay (with thin sheets of metal). Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary says it means a “molten looking glass—image of the bright smiling sky. Mirrors were then formed of molten polished metal, not glass.”

Another interesting passage that unfortunately loses its meaning by some translations is found in Amos 9:6: “It is he that buildeth his stories in the heaven, and hath founded his troop in the earth; he that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is his name” (KJV), however. The ESV renders the verse this way: “who builds his upper chambers in the heavens and founds his vault upon the earth; who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out upon the surface of the earth— the LORD is his name.” The Hebrew word translated as "vault" is ‘aguddah’ whose verb form means to "bind, fit, or construct." Commenting on this verse, Richard S. Cripps states that "here it seems that the 'heavens' are 'bound' or fitted into a solid vault, the ends of which are upon the earth."

Regarding those that believe the Bible teaches a “sphere," N. F. Gier, in his book “God, Reason, and the Evangelicals” says: In the Anchor Bible translation of Psalm 77:18, Mitchell Dahood has found yet another reference to the dome of heaven, which has been obscured by previous translators. The RSV translates galgal as "whirlwind," but Dahood argues that galgal is closely related to the Hebrew gullath (bowl) and gulgolet (skull), which definitely gives the idea of "something domed or vaulted." In addition, Dahood points out that "the parallelism with tebel, 'earth,' and 'eres, 'netherworld,' suggests that the psalmist is portraying the tripartite division of the universe--heaven, earth, and underworld."

He goes on to say: Some evangelicals claim that the Bible contains at least three references to a spherical earth (Is. 40:22; Job 22:14; Prov. 8:27). But this is just wishful thinking and an obvious imposition of modern cosmology on the Hebrew world-view. The Hebrew word hug used here cannot be translated as sphere (which is rendered by a different word), but must again be interpreted as a solid vault overarching the earth. Therefore I follow the Anchor Bible translation of Is. 40:22: "God sits upon the dome of the earth." Job 22:14 says that God "walks on the vault (hug) of heaven," again suggesting something solid. Hug can also refer to the circular perimeter of the sky-dome: "He drew a circle (hug) on the face of the deep...and made firm the skies above" (Prov. 8:27-28).

You may be asking, how is there a vault if we can see out into the night sky? God has placed the "heavens" within the dome. The references used here in the Hebrew referring to metal simply are referring to the “strength” of the dome, not necessarily its composition, which certainly could be transparent to allow for the blue sky which was separated the "waters from the waters."

Another verse that I wanted to reference regarding this subject is found here: “No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man - John 3:13.” This quote comes from Proverbs 30:4: "Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son’s name? Surely you know!"


Now, some of you may say: "well, we have been to outer space, so Jesus wasn't referring to the future." Really? May I point out that before the supposed Apollo 11 moon landing, that the furthest anyone had previously traveled was around 300 miles high? Does that surprise you?

Now, some of you would like to know if there is any scientific reference for this “dome.” Well, I suppose we could trust little of what “NASA’s” science tells us, however. I am curious about their references to the Van Allan belts. They claim that there are two belts, the first being about 1,000 miles out. They depict these belts circling the globe as fat tubes.


The first thing that always struck me was how there were openings in the bottom and top. Why not merely fly up and “around” these belts if they are not completely enclosing the earth? It is my position, however, that these “belts” very well could be the reference of the dome of God and is more likely these belts are actually the vault that sits upon the earth and completely covers it.

Here in this video NASA engineer admits that the Van Allen belts pose a problem for space flight:


I realize that this is a magnificent claim, but let me remind you that this is the claim of Scripture. The ramifications of this would change the earth as we know it. Why should this frighten us? God's Word is true regarding these matters. We must not allow the overwhelming nature of these things cause us to fear. Let God be true though every one were a liar, as it is written, “That you may be justified in your words, and prevail when you are judged.” – Romans 3:4


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